Cloud computing, programming, and a grasp of computer systems and networks are just some of the skills you may want to acquire to further your career in information technology.
Working in information technology may include a wide variety of tasks, from troubleshooting problems with an employee's wireless network to developing a company's new cloud infrastructure. Because there is such a vast variety of work to be done, the competencies required for various positions within the information technology sector might be very different from one another. You should go through a few job advertisements that you are interested in to determine which talents you should put the most effort into getting.
Essential IT skills
Any IT staff worth its salt should make security a priority. Beginning your career with a job at a help desk, in networking, or in system administration might provide you with an introduction to ideas that are beneficial to know for reasons of security. You may improve your chances of being hired for IT security jobs, such as information security analyst jobs, at entry-level and higher levels by developing the abilities listed below.
A working knowledge of security protocols for computers, networks, and software
Putting in place protections like firewalls and routers
Strategy for reducing risks, including examination of potential dangers
A familiarity with applicable compliance rules and standards, such as PCI-DSS, HIPAA, and CCPA
Hacking with a moral purpose and penetration testing
People who wish to build software, online apps, and websites will be required to have a working knowledge of programming languages. Workers in the information technology industry who seek to automate processes will find it handy as well. The following set of languages are often demanded of programmers and are also fair game for IT professionals to be questioned about. You may get started by looking through the available courses in various programming languages.
3. Arrangements of systems and connections between them
A crucial part of an IT team's job is to monitor and maintain the proper operation of all of the organization's computer systems and networks. System administrators and network administrators are examples of typical occupations that specialize in this skill set. [Case in point] A career in cloud administration or security may also benefit from an individual's familiarity with computer systems and networks. The following are examples of these talents on a fundamental level:
Managing a variety of operating systems, such as Windows, Linux, or Mac
Putting in new hardware and software on a computer, as well as configuring it.
Administration of the cloud and applications in the cloud
Performing network maintenance on local area networks (LAN), wide area networks (WAN), storage area networks (SAN), and virtual private networks (VPNs)
Providing assistance to staff members with their technical concerns
4. Data analysis
The ability to interpret data will come in handy for a variety of different IT-related duties. Monitoring performance data may assist teams in locating potential security risks and identifying areas of their operations that might need improvement. Database administrators and data engineers are two examples of IT jobs that include working with data in some capacity.
DevOps, which is an acronym that combines the words "development" and "operations," functions as a liaison between the teams responsible for the creation of software and those in charge of information technology. Skills in DevOps may be helpful in managing an organization's IT as well as the development side of things, despite the fact that DevOps is its own distinct discipline. Becoming a DevOps engineer is a possible career path for those who work in the DevOps field. It's possible that you'll require the following skills:
Theoretical comprehension of the continuous delivery process
Container technologies like Docker or Kubernetes
Languages for writing scripts, such as Python, Ruby, and C
familiarity with the processes involved in cloud computing
6. Computing on the cloud
Cloud computing skills include a wide range of responsibilities, ranging from the creation of cloud infrastructure to its ongoing maintenance . Global Knowledge predicts that cloud computing will be one of the top talents in need in 2021. Working with cloud technology may lead to opportunities such as becoming a cloud developer, cloud administrator, or cloud architect. Gaining familiarity with any of the following cloud systems might be beneficial:
7. The process of machine learning
Learning machine learning, which is a subfield of artificial intelligence, has quickly emerged as one of the most in-demand talents in the field of information technology. This is a competency that is particularly valuable for data professionals and programmers. You may get a head start on studying the fundamentals of machine learning by taking courses online. The following are examples of specific talents linked with machine learning:
Algorithms may be either parametric or nonparametric.
Deep learning approaches
How to Improve Your Computer Skills
The following is a list of some of the methods in which one might acquire the skills necessary for a successful career in information technology:
Educate yourself on: Through the use of online classes or do-it-yourself projects, one may teach themselves a variety of programming languages, data analysis methodologies, and specific IT abilities. On Coursera, you may enroll in a number of different classes, such as those that provide an introduction to Python or cybersecurity.
Certifications: Certifications are a good approach to guarantee that your skills are up to the standards required in the professional world. In most cases, you will need to prepare for and get a passing grade on a test. Check to see if there is a certification at the entry level that suits your interests.
Bootcamps are rigorous courses that are aimed to teach you certain abilities in a short amount of time. Bootcamps often continue for several weeks or months. Although coding bootcamps are very popular, there are other schools that teach other skills, such as cybersecurity.
Degrees: Earning a degree in computer science or a similar subject may be a structured approach to get the technical abilities that are necessary to join the computer industry. Although getting a degree may take more time than the other choices, it can be an effective way to acquire the technical skills. In addition, there is a correlation between returning to school and greater salaries.
Putting your abilities to work: the resume and the interview
It is essential to identify your talents in a place where they may be easily found after you have obtained the experience necessary to begin searching for employment. Make sure that your resume and LinkedIn profile reflect your new qualifications; in the meanwhile, here is some advice on how to incorporate talents into your resume.
When you go in for interviews, make sure you are well prepared with examples of how you have utilized your abilities in the past. It's great if the only time you've put your talents to use was in a class or at home; just make sure you're prepared to talk about what you achieved. Have you ever used Python to generate graphs from data sets or setup devices to connect to a new network?
If you are searching for a fast approach to obtain additional hands-on experience, you can browse through the guided projects on Coursera to find tasks that you can do in less than two hours. Additionally, in order to better prepare you for the interview, they may assist you with brushing up on previous skills.
Changing jobs or beginning a new one may be a challenging and demanding endeavor. However, acquiring the necessary abilities is often an excellent place to start. Consider enrolling in Google's IT Support Professional Certificate program, which offers a free trial week, if you are searching for a place to begin studying the fundamentals of working in the information technology field.